Lot #420. British Chess Company Tournament Size Staunton Chessmen
British Chess Company Staunton Chessmen.
A set of British Chess Company Staunton Chessmen, weighted, with green baize base pads. These vintage tournament-size chessmen are crafted from Boxwood and Ebony. The King stands 3-3/4″ tall with a 1.7″ diameter base. All the chessmen still have their original green baize base pads. These style chessmen are characterized by the Xylonite Knight heads and lack of the double collars found on the Improved Staunton chessmen as well as the Patented Royal design and the Imperial Chessmen. The King’s finial is a modified Maltese cross. The chessmen are housed in their original hinge-top Mahogany box with the white British Chess Company label and the words, “Loaded No. 3, Cheap Series”. The British Chess Company Staunton Chessmen were produced around 1892. The chessmen are in excellent condition for their age and have developed a very pleasing honey patina. These chessmen were sold under The British Chess Company name. The antique chessboard and Sutton-Coldfield chess clock shown are not included. The chessmen play and display best on a chessboard with 2-1/4″ or 2-3/8″ squares. A suitable chessboard can be found at https://chessantiques.com/product-category/chessboards/ An extensive inventory of antique and contemporary chess timers can be found at https://chessantiques.com/product-category/antique-chess-clocks-game-timers/.
About the British Chess Company.
The British Chess Company (BCC) was founded by William Moffatt (1843-1918) and William Hughes, and began
manufacturing chess pieces in 1891 until their apparent demise in around 1907 or so. The BCC attempted to compete for the chess set market against the established firm of Jaques of London. Their unique contribution to the design of Staunton chessmen, aside from their innovative, patented Imperial and Royal chessmen, was their use of Xylonite. Invented in 1869, Xylonite is a Celluloid, a class of compounds created from nitrocellulose and camphor. (Xylonite is generally considered the first thermoplastic.) Moffatt devised a method of reducing the cost or producing chessmen by molding the Knight heads from Xylonite. Carving the Knight heads can represent almost 50% of the total cost of producing a set of quality chessmen. In this manner, BCC was able to manufacture a set of high quality chessmen at half the cost of its competitors. It is sometimes claimed that BCC stopped producing their own chessmen around 1903, with other chess activities continuing for a few more years. However, that claim has not been substantiated and there is ample evidence that shows their still offering chessmen as late as 1907. Additional information on the British Chess Company can be found in the following article.