Jaques Chess Sets

Antique Jaques Chess sets.

howardstaunton3The offerings in this category feature antique Jaques chess sets. These are chessmen produced by the John Jaques of London company prior to World War Two.  Post World War Two Jaques chessmen are listed under Modern Chess Sets, Staunton Pattern.

The Staunton Pattern was first offered to the public for sale in the Fall of 1849 by the company of John Jaques of London. The original design was registered to Nathaniel Cooke in the Spring of that year. The chessmen design was named after the self-proclaimed world champion, Howard Staunton, an English Shakespearean scholar. Whether or not the design was actually the brainchild of Cooke is open to much speculation. It is relatively certain that the pattern was not designed by the egotistical Staunton, as he never laid claim to such.

What is known is that, on 1st March, 1849, Nathaniel Cooke, 198, Strand, London, registered an Ornamental Design for a set of Chess-Men, under the Ornamental Designs Act of 1842. At that date, there was no provision for the registration of any design or articles of ivory, registration was limited to Class 2, articles made chiefly of wood.

PatternBookThe right to manufacture such sets was acquired by John Jaques and he began to supply the retail trade on 29 September, 1849. On the same day, the following advertisement appeared Illustrated London News: AA set of Chessmen, of a pattern combining elegance and solidity to a degree hitherto unknown, has recently appeared under the auspices of the celebrated player Mr. STAUNTON. A guiding principle has been to give by their form a signification to the various pieces – thus the king is represented by a crown, the Queen by a coronet, &c. The pieces generally are fashioned with convenience to the hand; and it is to be remarked, that while there is so great an accession to elegance of form, it is not attained at the expense of practical utility. Mr. STAUNTON’S pattern adopts but elevates the conventional form; and the base of the Pieces being of a large diameter, they are more steady than ordinary sets.@ Illustrated London News, September 8, 1849.

The Library size is always unweighted. The Standard size came both unweighted and weighted (after around 1855 or so).  The Small Club and Full Club sizes were always weighted. Ivory sets were never weighted.

The early unweighted wooden sets came in baize-lined mahogany hinge-top boxes as well as carton-Pierre caskets and had mechanically numbered labels. Later, the hinge-top boxes were replaced by mahogany slide top boxes with their labels on the top of the box. Weighted sets came in mahogany hinge-top boxes. Ivory sets came in carton Pierre caskets, mahogany hinge-top boxes and leather boxes (after around 1880), as well as large fitted Spanish Mahogany coffers. All wooden sets came with green (Orange-yellow, briefly in the 1850s and white in the early 1900s) labels with facsimile signatures after around 1850-1851. Ivory sets came with red labels. The earliest labels were white or pale blue and the first 1000 were hand-signed and numbered by Howard Staunton and had “Jaques London” impressed on their labels. Finally, there was a documented, but not very well understood relationship between Wedgwood and Jaques, to manufacture chessmen from Wedgwood’s Carrara. A limited run of these chess sets was made between 1849 and 1850, but only four individual pieces (a Queen, Rook and two Knights) and two caskets with labels (Entered N0s. 17 and 24) are known to have survived.

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  • Jaques Tuff-A-Nuff Chessmen

    Lot #574. Jaques Tuff-A-Nuff Staunton Chessmen

    $995.00

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  • Jaques Early Anderssen Chessmen, Tournament Size

    Lot #761. Jaques Early Anderssen Chessmen, Tournament Size

    $1,595.00

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  • Antique Jaques Marshall Chessmen, Small Club Size

    Lot #764. Antique Jaques Marshall Chessmen, Small Club Size

    $2,995.00

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  • F. H. Ayres Staunton Chessmen

    Lot #751. F. H. Ayres Staunton Chessmen, Tournament Size

    $1,695.00

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  • Type 1B Status Quo Chess

    Lot #506. Jaques Type 1B In Statu Quo Travel Chess Set

    $995.00

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  • Jaques ISQ Portable Chess Set, Type 1

    Lot #734. Jaques Type 1A Status Quo Portable Chess Set

    $995.00

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  • Jaques Status Quo Portable Chess Set

    Lot #733. Jaques Status Quo Portable Chess Set, Type II

    $1,295.00

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  • Jaques Bone Type 1B Status Quo Chess Set

    Lot #622. Jaques Bone Type 1B In Statu Quo Travel Chess Set

    $995.00

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  • Large Jaques Status Quo Portable Chess Set

    Lot #628. Large Jaques Status Quo Portable Chess Set, Type III

    $1,595.00

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  • aques Late Anderssen Chessmen, Tournament Size, Weighted

    Lot #762. Jaques Late Anderssen Chess Set, Tournament Size, Circa 1862, Weighted

    $1,695.00

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  • Jaques Anderssen Chessmen, Small Club Size

    Lot #781. Jaques Anderssen Chessmen, Small Club Size, Circa 1858

    $3,995.00

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